Electrical Engineering ⇒ Topic : Location of power plant
LOCATION OF POWER PLANT:-
Some of the considerations on which the location of a power plant depends are :
(1)Centre of Electrical Load:- The plant should be located where there are industries and other important consumption places of electricity. There will be considerable advantage in placing the power station nearer to the centre of the load.
(2) Nearness to the Fuel Source:- The cost of transportation of fuel may be quite high if the distance of location of the power plant is considerable. It may be advisable to locate big thermal power plants at the mouth of the coal mines. Lignite coal mines should have centralised thermal power ion located in the mines itself as this type of coal cannot be transported. Such type of power station.s could be located near oil fields if oil is to be used as a fuel and near gas wells where natural gas is available in abundance. In any case it has been seen that it is cheaper to transmit electricity than to transport fuel. Hence the power plant should be located nearer the fuel supply source.
(3)Availability of Water:- The availability of water is of greater importance than all other factors governing station location. Water is required for a thermal power station using turbines for the following two purposes :
(4)Type of Soil Available and Land Cost:- While selecting a site for a power plant it is important to know about the character of the soil. If the soil is loose having low bearing power the pile foundation have to be used. Boring should be made at most of the projected site to have an idea of the character of the various strata as well as of the bearing power of the soil. The best location is that for which costly and special foundation is not required.In case of pov, er plants being situated near metropolitan load centres, the land there will be very costly as compared to the land at a distance from the city
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