Electrical Engineering ⇒ Topic : High frequency Transformers
HIGH FREQUENCY TRANSFORMERS
The lamination thicknesses, beyond the normal power frequency range at frequencies higher than 50-60 Hz, have to be reduced to control the iron losses to an acceptable level. If the operating frequencies extend beyond a few kilocycles per second, it becomes necessary to use iron dust cores or the ferrites, special oxides which exhibit reasonably good magnetic properties with Very small eddy-current losses.
In such transformers, variable frequency is the normal operating condition, and as the frequency increases, the significance of the elements in the equivalent circuit changes.At very low frequencies, for example, the magnetising reactance is small enough to be comparable with or even less than load impedance so that this tends to be 'shorted out' and the secondary terminal voltage is greatly reduced.
In the intermediate frequency range, X. is high enough for its effects to be neglected and the leakage impedance absorbs only a moderate fraction of the available voltage.With further increase of frequency, however the leakage reactance drop tends to cause the output voltage to fall appreciable again.
Capacitance between turns and between the windings and earth can no longer be ignored since these are shunted across the circuit in a distributed fashion causing behaviour similar to a leading power-factor load.
The design problem here is to ensure the transfer, from primary to secondary, without excessive distortion, of an input signal having many frequency components; for example a pulse
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